BUSINESS AND CORPORATE LAWS

Business Law Commercial law is also known as the business law. It is the body of law which governs business and commerce. It is considered as a branch of civil law and deals with both issues of private law and public law. Commercial law regulates corporate contracts, hiring practices, and the manufacture and sales of consumer goods. Many countries have adopted civil codes which contain comprehensive statements of their business law. In the United States, business law is the province of both the United States Congress under its power to regulate interstate commerce and the states under their police power. Efforts have been made to create a unified body of business law in the US; the most successful of these attempts has resulted in the general adoption of the Uniform Business Code. Various regulatory schemes control how business is done.

Privacy laws, safety laws (i.e. the Occupational Safety and Health Act in the United States), food and drug laws are some examples

Corporate law

The word “corporation” is generally associated with large publicly owned companies. In the United States, a company may or may not be a separate legal entity, and is often used synonymously with “firm” or “business.” A corporation may be called a company; however, a company should not necessarily be called a corporation, which has distinct characteristics than the firm.

Corporate law also is known as company or corporations law, is the law of the most dominant kind of business enterprise in the modern world. Corporate law is the study of how shareholders, directors, employees, creditors, and other stakeholders such as consumers, the community, and the environment interact with one another under the same rules and regulations of the firm. Corporate law is a part of a broader companies law or law of business association. Other types of business associations can include partnerships or trusts or companies limited by guarantee. Corporate law is about big business, which has separate legal persons, with limited liability for its shareholders, who buy and sell their stocks depending on the performance of the board of directors.

the separate legal personality of the corporation, the right to sue and be sued in its own name only.

limited liability of the shareholders, so that when the company is insolvent, they only owe the money that they subscribed for in shares.

transferable shares usually on a listed exchange, such as the London Stock Exchange, New York Stock Exchange or Euronext in Paris.

delegated management, in other words, control of the company placed in the hands of a board of directors.

The last of these defining features is contested. For a start, it is pointed out that shareholders do not own these corporations, they own their shares as per their investment in the company. Ownership of a corporation is very complicated by increasing social and economic interdependence, as different stakeholders compete to have a say in corporate affairs. In most of the developed countries, company boards have representatives of both shareholders and employees to co-determine company’s ongoing strategy. Corporate law is often divided into corporate governance, which concerns the various power relations within a corporation, and corporate finance, which concerns the rules on how capital is used.