CONSUMER AND PRODUCT LAW
Defective products are quite common in everyday life than one might expect. Each year, car models are recalled, boat engines revamped, children’s toys plastered with warnings and proper usage stickers. Medical devices malfunction and prescription drug medications turn out to be potentially deadly for the patient. Because of these reasons only, the government struggles to make a safety net of rigorous testing; unfortunately, the true side effects of the products are often not realized until after you fall sick or face consequences.
Consumer protection has in it a wide range of consumer issues including, credit, utilities, services, and goods. Many consumer complaints are simply misunderstanding that may be solved through communication between the consumer and the business. Others may be fraud transactions. Consumers are protected under both state and federal laws. Some states have laws regarding some big purchases that allow the consumer to return the item or cancel the contract with no penalty. Each of the state Attorney General’s office has some type of public protection division, which is responsible for enforcing the rights of consumers in business and service transactions and to protect the civil rights of the citizens. Federal laws are put into action by the Federal Trade Commission, which has a number of consumer protection laws. The Commission seeks to make sure that the nation’s markets are competitive, and are vigorous, efficient, and free of undue restrictions. This Commission also works to enhance the smooth operation of the marketplace by excluding acts or practices that are unfair. In general, the Commission is directed toward stopping actions that threaten consumers’ opportunities.
Sellers give a warranty to their customers, it is a kind of promise of a manufacturer or seller to resolve problems the product may have within a limited time period. Warranties can cover the retail sale of consumer goods. Consumer goods include all the new products or parts which are used, bought, or leased for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.
There are a number of laws for the safety of the consumer’s rights. they are as follows.
Food Quality Protection Act
The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 amended the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Federal Food Drug, and Cosmetic Act. These amendments changed the way EPA regulates pesticides. It stated that a new safety standard, reasonable these pesticides should not harm and food item.
Safe Drinking Water Act
The Safe Drinking Water Act was regulated in 1974, to protect the quality of drinking water in the United States. This law focuses on all waters actually or potentially designed for drinking use, whether from above ground or underground sources.
Consumer Vehicle Purchases
The Federal Anti-Tampering Odometer Law states and stops anyone from tampering the mileage readings in a new or used vehicle. The Federal Used Car Law requires used car dealers to post Buyers Guides on used cars. The Federal Automobile Information Disclosure Act requires new car dealerships to put a sticker on the windshield or side window of the car. This sticker must contain the base price of the car, the options added and their costs, as well as the dealer’s cost of transportation and the number of miles per gallon the car uses.
The LEMON LAWS vary from state to state. A defect which is covered by the Lemon Law must be a major defect which substantially impairs the use, value, or safety of the vehicle. Generally, Lemon laws impose time or mileage limitations regarding when the defect must be presented to the manufacturer or dealer in order to be covered under the Lemon Law. The manufacturer or the seller must repair the defect within only some number of repair attempts. If he fails to repair the defect or defects in the vehicle within a reasonable number of repair attempts, the consumer is allowed to a repurchase or replacement of the vehicle. In some of the states if the defect is of such that there is a risk of death or serious injury, if the vehicle is driven, the vehicle is presumed to be a lemon, even after one repair attempt, if the defect continues to exist. If the defect does not fall into this category, additional repair attempts are normally required. In some places, three repair attempts for a defect is enough to buy back or replacement. Other states require four repair attempts or more.