IMMIGRATION AND NATURALITION LAW
Immigration law determines if a person is an alien, and associated
legal rights, duties, and obligations of aliens in the United States.
It also gives means by which outsiders can become naturalized citizens with full rights of citizenship. The Immigration law serves as a gatekeeper for the nation’s border, it makes sure whoever enters, how long they may stay and when they must leave.
The United States has a huge history of immigration laws. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (INA) with some major, and many minor, changes continue to be the basic immigration law of the country. The most prominent amendment to the INA was in 1965 which aborted the natural origin provisions and established a new quota system.
For INA purposes, an outsider is any person who is not a citizen or a national of the country. There are many categories for outsiders: resident and nonresident, immigrant and nonimmigrant, documented and undocumented, undocumented ones are the illegal people States have limited legislative authority concerning immigration matters. There are severe laws for the illegal immigrants.
The Congress has total and complete authority over immigration matters. But the power of the President is limited to policies on refugees. Unless the issue concerns the rights of outsiders, for protection of their constitutional rights that are very rarely intruded.
The need to stem illegal immigration forced Congress to enforce the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986. The IRCA toughened criminal sanctions for employers who hire illegal outsiders, denied illegal outsiders federally funded welfare benefits, and legitimized some aliens through an amnesty program. The Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 sought to limit the outsiders of marrying to obtain only citizenship of the country. The Immigration Act of 1990 thoroughly revamped the INA making the allocation of visas more even among foreign nations, eliminating archaic rules, and increasing the level of worldwide immigration.
The aims in immigration policies are achieved by granting or denying visas. There are two types of visas that are granted: immigrant and non-immigrant. Non-immigrant visas are only issued to tourists and temporary business visitors, this visa is for a short span of time only. The Non-immigrant visas are split into eighteen main categories, and the number of visas in most categories is not limited. Only a few categories of non-immigrant visas are allowed to work in United States. The Immigrant visa holders are permitted to stay in the United States permanently and ultimately to apply for citizenship. An outsider who has an immigrant visa is permitted to work in the United States. So if you planning to immigrate to the United States, do only apply for a proper visa as, the other illegal visa will only put you in trouble, so that if you don’t want to face consequences then go to the United States in a legal way only and apply for a valid visa. The rules and regulations are quite strict there. But if you are legal there and your rights are been violated then you can move to the court for your rights.